A few Nomads:

 

  • Kudu-Kuduppuai. (Blabbering foretellers)
  • Chattai Adippavar (Whiper)
  • Boom-Boom Mattukkararkal (Bull nodding masters).
  • Kalai Koothadikal (Street Circus performers)
  • Narikkuravas.
  • Paambattikal (Snake charmers)       
  • Pagal Veshakkararkal(Day-maskers).
  • Thol Pavaikoothukararkal ( Leather Puppet show)
  • Kuruvi Pidippavarkal (Bird Catchers).
  • Naattu Vaidhyar ( Traditional Medicos
  • Kili Josyam (Parrot Astrologists)
  • Koodai Mudayuvar (Basket Makers)
  • Lambardies
  • Kal Udaippavarkar (Stone-breakers).
  • Keethari (Wandering shepherds).
  • Yeeyam Poosupavarkar (Lead Polishers)
  • Savarimudikkararkal( Hair Sellers)
  • Maniyattikararkal(Bellmen).

 

 

 

 

 

SURVIVAL & RESOURCES

 

Kudu Kuduppai. (Blabbering Foretellers):

 

The male adult members of the family of this category perform midnight poojas in the burial ground. During the morning time of the succeeding day, again he will come to say matters about the people of the house as a prediction by the power attained from the burial ground on the previous night. He gets some cash and kinds. These offerings are his earning for the survival of his whole family.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chattai Adippavarkal (Whiper)

 

The male member will keep his bare-body sweaty and slightly coloured. He will have a lash to whip on his body. The female member will make sound in her timbrel to attract the common public. The male member beats around his body with the lashes. If there are their children, they too will be entrusted with some small roles to make the viewers to feel with sympathy. After getting whipped with lashes, he goes around the public with oozing blood and collect money.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boom Boom Maattukkarar (Bull nodding masters)

 These people bring a well decorated bull with garlands around the body.  He stops the bull near the gate or in front of the house. He will announce some favorable predictions and blessings to the family members. This will be confirmed by the bull by nodding the head twice or thrice. The bells tied around the neck of the bull will make a auspicious ringing sounds believed to be good omen. The people believe this as God’s prediction they offer money or things.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Kala Koothadigal (Street Circus Performers):

 

The circus is performed by the team or family members including very small children, in particular girl children in public places. First they make some sounds out of their hand drums to draw the attention of the people. The climax is performed by placing a small child to walk on a steel rope having a long rod in her hand to balance the momentum. It is very dangerous and risky.

  People put coins on humanitarian aspect and generosity.

 

 

 

 

 


Narikkuravas:

 

The Narikkuravas are the majority in population in Nomads in Tamilnadu. Predominantly they were hunters and lived in the forests by eating the yield out of hunting. Due to restrictions on hunting, strict rules laid down by the Forest Department, these people are chased off from the forest. Gradually they inhabited nearby hill places and settled down in small huts and shelters. They make beads and go around to sell them for their livelihood,

 

 

 

 

 


Paambattikal. (Snake Charmers):

 

They go to search snakes and catch them where ever sought necessary on demand, especially in some hospital, school, college and office premises where bushes, plants and grass are largely grown.  The population of this type of people is being decreased as they are killed by snake bites while catching the snakes.

                                         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Pagal Veshakkararkal (Day-maskers):

 

They depict in the attire of Hindu / Christian Muslim gods and goddesses. They change their dress code very aptly with matching fixings around body and article the gods and goddesses will have in their hands in general appearances. This costume changes according to the festival and religion. They go around the roads and streets and chant or sing something according to the rites. Thinking that the God has come to our door step, they give money and get their blessings.

 

 

 

            

Tholpavai Koothu. (Leather Puppet Show):

This art of depiction of a story with the aid of hand -made pictures on the leather of animals is primordial from the olden centuries to stage historical and religious epics. But it has gradually buried alive by non-response and non-interest of the same due to modern technology. Only few people are stick to this art as the earning out of this is too meager, but no other diversion.

 

 

 

 

Kuruvi Pidippavarkal (Bird Catchers):

The birds are caught from the trees and bushes and sold to the demanders either for eating or for preparing medicines especially for Asthma and Bronchitis. Normally these people live in hill side and forest areas or in rural areas. Gradually this profession is diminishing and the people change to some other means for daily bread.

 

 

Nattu Vaidhyar(Traditional Medicos)

Curing illness with the medicines made out of herbs and roots of plants, oil extracted from leaves and stems of some medicinal plants, green leafs in rural and sub-urban areas as residential and mobile treatments. Both men and women do this practice, some way traditional and hereditary. Now a day due to technological developments and allopathic medicines, the livelihood of these people came to standstill.

 

 

 

Kili Josiyam (Parrot Astrology)

Men carry netted cages with parrots and some cards of astrological notes, definitions and predictions of future in random and go around residential and commercial areas. The people will be seated in front of the cage and the parrot will be called out to pick up a card to tell the fortune of the client. Women depend on a rod which is assumed to have some power to guess the future and fortune of the clients. In some places, they have their own semi- permanent sit-outs to do this practice. The income gained by this job is very meager today.

 

Koodai Mudaipuvar (Basket Makers)

Baskets, mats, packing cases, nests for chicks etc are made out of green, dried bamboos and forest canes by men and women and sold on the spot, on contract and in local marketing outlets. Now the demand is decreased due to increased products in card boards, deal-wood and other latest packing goods. Apart from these, getting raw materials from forests and agricultural farms have become a problem. Now these people too find hardship to earn for their daily bread.

 

 

 

Lambadies.

These people are migrated from Maharashtra and North India, settled down in different parts of Tamilnadu and nearby states of Andhra and Karnataka. They are ill-educated and laborious and do any hard work for survival. Both  men and women are hard workers. Majority of them are sheltered in clusters on valley and hill side and even they go for looting to fill their stomach. They are scattered around Tamilnadu and a part of Kerala and nearby.

 

 

 Kal Oddar (Stone Breaker)

Kal Oddars reside near rocky and stony hills as their main job is breaking stones by blasting the hill rock by using gunpowder and other breakers. Even though their origin is not traceable evidently, most of them are from different regions of India and came down to Tamilnadu  and  settled  nearby the hills and attached to the granite business people. They find comfortable in their semi-permanent shelters nearby their work place.

 

 

 

 

Keetharies( Shepherds)

These people take care of sheep, goats and bulls with cows  in huge numbers and taken then to different places roaming around open farms, forests and uncultivated and un-occupied lands for a stipulated period and come back to the original camp. They collect these animals from different owners of different places to take care of them on contract and will be returned back with its benefits. Some agricultural farm owners pay them to keep the herd in their field for accumulation of cow dung for manure. Women will not go with their men.

                                    

 

 

 

Yeeyam Poosupavarkal (Lead Polishers)

Generally in olden days, brass utensils were in use in all houses which needed lead polishing inside with regular interval or time span. Both men and women go out from area to area and locate a place and establish to undertake this job.

Women go around the streets and collect the utensils from houses and both will do the polishing work and deliver to the owners on payment. Due to modernization, brass utensils are not been used, leading to unemployment

 

Savarimudikkararkal (Hair sellers)

These people collect the accumulated hair from some temples and holy places and clean them before making the bunch-pack of hair. The cleaned and corrected hair bunch is sold to women who like to add the same with their  original hair for beautifying combing. The recent trend has ruined this earning as the modern women dislike growing hair and prefer cropping and bob.

 

 

Maniyattikararkal (Bellmen)

Bellmen go around the residential areas, preferably rural and sub-urban by ringing and a hanging bell tied on the both ends of a bamboo kept on their shoulder. The bell sound informs the people about the arrival of the bell men. The people will offer them food, and some kind of things usable to them besides money. Only men do this practice and women will not accompany them. If they prefer, they  go for any petty jobs during day time to earn more money.

 

            By

R.RAJANGAM.

Convenar:National DNT FORUM

Mobile No.91 94869 49613.

tentsociety@gmail.com

www.nomadsindia.org